A lesson on Phrasal Verbs
Hello! My name is Tara Lockhart and I’m an ESL teacher at KGIC Halifax. Today, I’d like to talk to you about Phrasal Verbs.
Phrasal verbs are a combination of a [verb] + [particle].
What is a particle???? A particle is a preposition (or an adverb). Example: out, in, on, through, at, off…. Note: A particle is also sometimes called an element.
Phrasal verbs are used all the time in spoken and informal English.
Here are three common phrasal verbs and examples sentences showing how you can use them. Remember that the verb will continue to change tenses, for example, present tense, present progressive, etc.
1. RUN OUT (of something) = to use all of something, so that there is nothing left.
a. We should buy 4 litres of milk instead of 2 litres because we’re always running out.
b. We ran out of time during today’s class, so we couldn’t finish the unit.
c. I have to do laundry today. I’ve run out of clean clothes!
d. He left the mall when he ran out of money.
e. We will run out of gas if you don’t fill up the tank soon.
f. If people are not more eco-friendly, we’re going to run out of fresh water to drink.
2. GET THROUGH = finish (something)
*NOTE: There are different meanings for this phrasal verb, but we are only going to focus on this meaning today.
a. Our teacher said we have to get through units 24-34 this month.
b. My sister really likes to read, so it doesn’t take her long to get through a book.
c. When he gets through studying, he’ll take a vacation.
d. We have to get through this level before we can advance in the video game.
e. How many levels have you gotten through in Candy Crush?
3. PLAY AROUND = have fun
a. My children like to play around with their friends on the weekend.
b. Some of the students in my class are so serious. They don’t like to play around at all.
c. Stop playing around! We have a lot of work to do.
d. I like to play around on my computer Saturday mornings.
Note: litre vs liter
I did not make a spelling mistake! They are the same word! They mean the same thing!
The first spelling is British / Canadian (litre) and the second spelling is American (liter).
- March 6, 2014
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